Smart Policies and Practices for Shared Prosperity


Final Workshop on Crop Master Plan

On 18 May 2016, in Phnom Penh at the Sunway Hotel, Agrifood Consulting International in collaboration with the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries (MAFF) of Cambodia organized the Final Workshop to present the Final Report for the DEVELOPMENT OF MASTER PLAN FOR CROP PRODUCTION IN CAMBODIA BY 2030. The preparation of the Crop Master Plan was made possible with the funding from the Tonle Sap Poverty Reduction and Smallholder Development Project (TSSD), a project of Royal Government of Cambodia funded by Asian Development Bank.

The Master Plan for Crop Production in Cambodia to 2030 is based on the prioritization of a small number of value chains based on an assessment of past trends and future growth drivers. The Crop Master Plan (CMP) recognizes that the future of agriculture in Cambodia is inextricably linked to the structural transformation of the sector from one based on traditional agriculture to one based on a modern agricultural system capable of generating high value added and multiplier effects in the rural and urban economy through the development of agroindustry, agribusiness, and non-farm employment.

The strategic approach to the CMP consists in prioritizing a few value chain to ensure that focused government policy, regulations, and investment can have the highest payoffs in terms of growth, employment generation, natural resources sustainability, export growth, and poverty reduction.

 

The result of the prioritization undertaken during the preparation of the CMP indicates that out of an initial list of 28 crops, 8 value chains were chosen based on criteria including (i) contribution to GDP and employment; (ii) contribution to growth; (iii) difficulty of investment; and (iv) other criteria such as environmental sustainability and geographic spread.

The VISION FOR CROPS TO 2030 is expressed as follows: “Cambodia is a reliable source of high quality, safe, and competitive crops in the global economy while ensuring sufficient volumes of safe food to meet food and nutrition security of its own citizens in a sustainable and climate resilient way.”

Eight value chains were prioritized, and for each value chain a vision and a detailed plan of action including investments, targets, and responsible agencies were indicated. The 8 value chains and their visions are as follows:

Rice

Cambodia is one of the three main exporters of fragrant rice in the world

Maize

Cambodia is a reliable supplier of feedgrains (maize and pulses) to the Asian Economic Community (AEC)

Cassava

Cambodia is a sustainable and major supplier of cassava starch and cassava chips to Asia

Mungbeans

Mungbean is an important source of improved soil fertility  and crop rotation in addition to meeting market demand

Mango

Cambodia is one of the five major exporters of quality fresh mango in the world

Cashew

Cambodia is the world leader in organic cashews

Pepper

Cambodia is a leading exporter of pepper including the globally recognized Kampot pepper

Vegetables

Cambodia is a largely self-sufficient producer of safe vegetables

 

For each targeted value chain, the CMP envisages a strategy that includes investment, institutional reforms, and policy and regulatory support. Consistent with a value chain approach, the CMP articulates each value chain program as a collection of subprograms and activities aiming to improve productivity, farmers’ income, and value added along the stages of the value chain.

The Final Report was prepared by Dr. Francesco Goletti and Dr. Sin Sovith.

 

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